WithCoderWithCoderWithCoder

C# 中把Datatable转换为JSON数据

    在C#中调用接口传递参数时,需要将Datable的数据转换为JSON字符串。本文介绍几种将Datable的数据转换为JSON字符串的方法。

    方法一

        /// <summary>     
        /// Datatable转换为Json     
        /// </summary>    
        /// <param name="table">Datatable对象</param>     
        /// <returns>Json字符串</returns>     
        public static string toJson(DataTable dt)
        {
            StringBuilder jsonString = new StringBuilder();
            jsonString.Append("[");
            DataRowCollection drc = dt.Rows;
            for (int i = 0; i < drc.Count; i++)
            {
                jsonString.Append("{");
                for (int j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
                {
                    string strKey = dt.Columns[j].ColumnName;
                    string strValue = drc[i][j].ToString();
                    Type type = dt.Columns[j].DataType;
                    jsonString.Append("\"" + strKey + "\":");
                    strValue = StringFormat(strValue, type);
                    if (j < dt.Columns.Count - 1)
                    {
                        jsonString.Append(strValue + ",");
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        jsonString.Append(strValue);
                    }
                }
                jsonString.Append("},");
            }
            jsonString.Remove(jsonString.Length - 1, 1);
            jsonString.Append("]");
            return jsonString.ToString();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 格式化字符型、日期型、布尔型
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="str"></param>
        /// <param name="type"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private static string StringFormat(string str, Type type)
        {
            if (type == typeof(string))
            {
                str = String2Json(str);
                str = "\"" + str + "\"";
            }
            else if (type == typeof(DateTime))
            {
                str = "\"" + str + "\"";
            }
            else if (type == typeof(bool))
            {
                str = str.ToLower();
            }
            else if (type != typeof(string) && string.IsNullOrEmpty(str))
            {
                str = "\"" + str + "\"";
            }
            return str;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤特殊字符
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="s">字符串</param>
        /// <returns>json字符串</returns>
        private static string String2Json(String s)
        {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            for (int i = 0; i < s.Length; i++)
            {
                char c = s.ToCharArray()[i];
                switch (c)
                {
                    case '\"':
                        sb.Append("\\\""); break;
                    case '\\':
                        sb.Append("\\\\"); break;
                    case '/':
                        sb.Append("\\/"); break;
                    case '\b':
                        sb.Append("\\b"); break;
                    case '\f':
                        sb.Append("\\f"); break;
                    case '\n':
                        sb.Append("\\n"); break;
                    case '\r':
                        sb.Append("\\r"); break;
                    case '\t':
                        sb.Append("\\t"); break;
                    default:
                        sb.Append(c); break;
                }
            }
            return sb.ToString();
        }

    方法二

        public static string CreateJsonParameters(DataTable dt)
        {
            StringBuilder JsonString = new StringBuilder();
            //Exception Handling        
            if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                JsonString.Append("{ ");
                JsonString.Append("\"T_blog\":[ ");
                for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; i++)
                {
                    JsonString.Append("{ ");
                    for (int j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
                    {
                        if (j < dt.Columns.Count - 1)
                        {
                            JsonString.Append("\"" + dt.Columns[j].ColumnName.ToString() + "\":" + "\"" + dt.Rows[i][j].ToString() + "\",");
                        }
                        else if (j == dt.Columns.Count - 1)
                        {
                            JsonString.Append("\"" + dt.Columns[j].ColumnName.ToString() + "\":" + "\"" + dt.Rows[i][j].ToString() + "\"");
                        }
                    }
                    /**//**/
                    /**//*end Of String*/
                    if (i == dt.Rows.Count - 1)
                    {
                        JsonString.Append("} ");
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        JsonString.Append("}, ");
                    }
                }
                JsonString.Append("]}");
                return JsonString.ToString();
            }
            else
            {
                return null;
            }
        }

     方法三(使用System.Web.Script.Serialization)

        /// <summary>
        /// DataTable 对象 转换为Json 字符串
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dt"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string toJson(DataTable dt)
        {
            JavaScriptSerializer javaScriptSerializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
            javaScriptSerializer.MaxJsonLength = Int32.MaxValue; //取得最大数值
            ArrayList arrayList = new ArrayList();
            foreach (DataRow dataRow in dt.Rows)
            {
                Dictionary<string, object> dictionary = new Dictionary<string, object>();  //实例化一个参数集合
                foreach (DataColumn dataColumn in dt.Columns)
                {
                    dictionary.Add(dataColumn.ColumnName, dataRow[dataColumn.ColumnName].ToString());
                }
                arrayList.Add(dictionary); //ArrayList集合中添加键值
            }
            return javaScriptSerializer.Serialize(arrayList);  //返回一个json字符串
        }


欢迎分享交流,转载请注明出处:WithCoder » C# 中把Datatable转换为JSON数据